GPC 2015

The 10th International Conference on Green, Pervasive and Cloud Computing
Plantation Island, Fiji, 4-6 May 2015

Welcome to Fiji

The 10th International Conference on Green, Pervasive and Cloud Computing (GPC 2015) will be held in Plantation Island, Fiji, 4-6 May 2015. GPC 2015 aims to establish a high-standard world forum for researchers and developers to share their novel ideas and experiences in the areas of green computing, pervasive computing and cloud computing.

GPC 2015 features a special journal publication model: the best selected papers will be published in IEEE Systems Journal (SCI indexed), and others will be published in the International Journal of Embedded Systems (IJES), directly.

Conference Program

Sunday 03 May 2015

15.30 – 18.30
Registration @ Davui Pre Function Hall
18.30 – 19.30
Welcome Reception @ Lomai Beach

Monday 04 May 2015

09.15 – 09.30
Conference Opening @ Nautilus Room
09.30 – 10.30
Keynote Speech 1 @ Nautilus Room
  • A Data-as-a-Service Framework for Cyber-Physical-Social Big Data
    Professor Laurence T. Yang
    Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China
    St Francis Xavier University, Canada
  • Chair: Professor A B M Shawkat Ali, The University of Fiji, Fiji
10.30 – 11.00
Morning Tea @ Front Lawn of Nautilus Room
11.00 – 13.00
Session 1 Cloud Computing and Virtualisation @ Nautilus Room
  • Performance Monitoring Based Traffic-Aware Virtual Machine Deployment on NUMA Systems
    Yuxia Cheng, Wenzhi Chen, Zonghui Wang, and Xinjie Yu
  • A Fairness-Aware Pricing Methodology for Revenue Enhancement in Service Cloud Infrastructure
    Yuanfang Chi, Xiuhua Li, Xiaofei Wang, Victor C. M. Leung, and Abdalalh Shami
  • A Hybrid eBusiness Software Metrics Framework for Decision-Making in Cloud Computing Environment
    Feng Zhao, Guodong Nian, Hai Jin, Laurence Tianruo Yang, and Yajun Zhu
  • A Duplication-aware SSD-based Cache Architecture for Primary Storage in Virtualization Environment
    Xian Chen, Wenzhi Chen, Zhongyong Lu, Peng Long, Shuiqiao Yang, and Zonghui Wang
  • Chair: Associate Professor Yi Qian, University of Nebraska – Lincoln, USA
13.00 – 14.00
Lunch @ Black Coral Restaurant
14.00 – 15.30
Session 2 Scheduling @ Nautilus Room
  • Incentive Load Scheduling Schemes for PHEV Battery Exchange Stations in Smart Grid
    Feng Ye, Yi Qian, and Rose Qingyang Hu
  • Scheduling Deadline-constrained Scientific Workflow using Chemical Reactive Optimization Algorithm in Clouds
    Chaokun Yan, Huimin Luo, and Zhigang Hu
  • Data-Aware Task Dispatching
    Xieming Li and Osamu Tatebe
  • Chair: Associate Professor Chen Yu, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China
15.30 – 16.00
Afternoon Tea @ Front Lawn of Nautilus Room
16.00 – 17.00
Session 3 Data and Storage @ Nautilus Room
  • A Pre-Processing Mechanism for MapReduce-based Inequality-Join
    Xia Xie, Shuwen Luo, Hai Jin, Xijiang Ke, and Laurence Tianruo Yang
  • Design of object storage using OpenNVM for high-performance distributed file system
    Fuyumasa Takatsu, Kohei Hiraga, and Osamu Tatebe
  • Chair: Professor Jun Long, Central South University, China
19.00 – 20.00
Dinner @ Lomai Beach

Tuesday 05 May 2015

09.30 – 10.30
Keynote Speech 2 @ Nautilus Room
  • In-Memory Computing: New Architecture for Big Data Processing
    Professor Hai Jin
    Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China
  • Chair: Professor Laurence T. Yang, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China, St Francis Xavier University, Canada
10.30 – 11.00
Morning Tea @ Front Lawn of Nautilus Room
11.00 – 13.00
Session 4 Green Computing @ Nautilus Room
  • Lifetime Optimizing Clustering Structure using Archimedes’ Spiral based Deployment in WSNs
    Amrita Ghosal and Subir Halder
  • A Green TDMA Scheduling Algorithm for Prolonging Lifetime in Wireless Sensor Networks
    Jun Long, Mianxiong Dong, Kaoru Ota, and Anfeng Liu
  • Energy-aware Resource and Revenue Management in Federated Cloud: A Game Theoretic Approach
    Mohammad Mehedi Hassan, M. Abdullah-Al-Wadud, Biao Song, Ahmad Almogren, Atif Alamri, and Guiyi Wei
  • An Energy Efficient and Space Efficient Object Representation Model in Pervasive Computing Systems
    Zhu Wang, Chenxi Luo, Tiejian Luo and Lin Yang
  • Chair: Associate Professor Hao Zhang, Central South University, China
13.00 – 14.00
Lunch @ Black Coral Restaurant
14.00 – 15.30
Session 5 Miscellaneous @ Nautilus Room
  • Practical Performance of MANETs under Limited Buffer and Packet Lifetime
    Yujian Fang, Yuezhi Zhou, Xiaohong Jiang, and Yaoxue Zhang
  • Attribute-based Hash Proof System under Learning-with-Errors Assumption in Obfuscator-free and Leakage-resilient Environments
    Mingwu Zhang, Yudi Zhang, Yixin Su, Qiong Huang, and Yi Mu
  • Modelling user activity patterns for next place prediction
    Chen Yu, Yang Liu, Dezhong Yao, Laurence T. Yang, Hai Jin, Hanhua Chen, and Qiang Ding
  • Chair: Dr Yu Wang, Deakin University, Australia
15.30 – 16.00
Afternoon Tea @ Front Lawn of Nautilus Room
19.00 – 23.00
Conference Banquet & Best Paper Awards Announcement @ Nautilus Room


A Data-as-a-Service Framework for Cyber-Physical-Social Big Data

Professor Laurence T. Yang
Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China
St Francis Xavier University, Canada



The booming growth and rapid development in embedded systems, wireless communications, sensing techniques and emerging support for cloud computing and social networks have enabled researchers and practitioners to create a wide variety of Cyber-Physical-Social (CPS) Systems that reason intelligently, act autonomously, and respond to the users’ needs in a context and situation-aware manner. The CPS systems are the integration of computation, communication and control with the physical world, human knowledge and sociocultural elements. It is a novel emerging computing paradigm and has attracted wide concerns from both industry and academia in recent years.

Generally, CPS systems collect massive data (Volume) from the physical world by various physical perception devices (Variety) in structured /semistructured/unstructured format and respond the users’ requirements immediately (Velocity) and provide the proactive services (Veracity) for them in physical space or social space. These collected big data are normally high dimensional, redundant and noisy, and beyond the processing capacity of the computer systems.

This talk will present our latest research about a Data-as-a-Service framework which includes data representation, dimensionality reduction, processing (securely) and proactive service layers aiming at representing and processing the big data generated from CPS systems and providing more valued smart services. Corresponding case studies in some applications such as smart home and campus will be shown to demonstrate the feasibility and flexibility of the proposed framework.


Dr. Laurence T. Yang got his BE in Computer Science and Engineering from Tsinghua University and Ph.D in Computer Science from University of Victoria, Canada. He is a professor at School of Computer Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China and Department of Computer Science of St. Francis Xavier University, Canada. His current research includes parallel and distributed computing, embedded and ubiquitous/pervasive computing, and big data.

He has published around 220 international journal papers in the above areas of which 40% are on top IEEE/ACM Transactions and Journals; others are mainly published at Elsevier, Springer and Wiley. He has been involved actively in conferences and workshops as a program/general/steering conference chair and numerous conference and workshops as a program committee member. He served as the vice-chair of IEEE Technical Committee of Supercomputing Applications (2001-2004), the chair of IEEE Technical Committee of Scalable Computing (2008-2011), and the chair of IEEE Task force on Ubiquitous Computing and Intelligence (2009-2013). He was in the steering committee of IEEE/ACM Supercomputing conference series (2008-2011), and was in the National Resource Allocation Committee (NRAC) of Compute Canada (2009-2013), as well as the scientific committee chair (2012-2013) for Engineering, Mathematics and Computing Science of Compute Canada. He was the vice-chair (2014) and the chair (2015) of IEEE Canada Atlantic Section.

In addition, he is the editors-in-chief of several international journals. He is serving as an editor for many top international journals. He has been acting as an author/co-author or an editor/co-editor of more than 25 books from well-known publishers. The book “Mobile Intelligence” from Wiley 2010 received an Honorable Mention by the American Publishers Awards for Professional and Scholarly Excellence (The PROSE Awards). He has won several Best Paper Awards (including IEEE Best and Outstanding Conference Awards); one Best Paper Nomination; Distinguished Achievement Award, 2005, 2011; Canada Foundation for Innovation Award, 2003. He has been invited to give around 30 keynote talks at various international conferences and symposia.

In-Memory Computing: New Architecture for Big Data Processing

Professor Hai Jin
Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China


With emerging of big data, the processing speed for the data is one of the key issues for big data technology. One of the efficient way to handle the velocity of data is putting all the data in the memory. But traditional memory, DRAM, consumes a large amount of energy and cost to build a large memory system. In recent years, lots of non-volatile memory devices, such as phase change memory (PCM), are studied to be part of memory. We call these storage class memory (SCM). Combing traditional memory and SCM together to build a large hybrid memory space is becoming one of the energy-efficient way to extend the traditional in-memory computing system into a new level, to handle large quality of data in real time. In this talk, we will discuss this new in-memory computing system from different aspects and some challenges in this new system. We will also report some ongoing effort in China to build this hybrid memory-based in-memory computing system, and some latest advances in this area.


Hai Jin is a Cheung Kung Scholars Chair Professor of computer science and engineering at Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST) in China. Jin received his PhD in computer engineering from HUST in 1994. In 1996, he was awarded a German Academic Exchange Service fellowship to visit the Technical University of Chemnitz in Germany. Jin worked at The University of Hong Kong between 1998 and 2000, and as a visiting scholar at the University of Southern California between 1999 and 2000. He was awarded Excellent Youth Award from the National Science Foundation of China in 2001. Jin is the chief scientist of ChinaGrid, the largest grid computing project in China, and the chief scientists of National 973 Basic Research Program Project of Virtualization Technology of Computing System, and Cloud Security.

Jin is a senior member of the IEEE and a member of the ACM. He has co-authored 15 books and published over 500 research papers. His research interests include computer architecture, virtualization technology, cluster computing and cloud computing, peer-to-peer computing, network storage, and network security.

Jin is the steering committee chair of International Conference on Green, Pervasive and Cloud Computing (GPC), Asia-Pacific Services Computing Conference (APSCC), International Conference on Frontier of Computer Science and Technology (FCST), and Annual ChinaGrid Conference. Jin is a member of the steering committee of the IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Cluster Computing and the Grid (CCGrid), the IFIP International Conference on Network and Parallel Computing (NPC), and the International Conference on Grid and Cooperative Computing (GCC), International Conference on Autonomic and Trusted Computing (ATC), International Conference on Ubiquitous Intelligence and Computing (UIC).

Organisation Committee

General Chairs

  • A B M Shawkat Ali, The University of Fiji, Fiji
  • Yang Xiang, Deakin University, Australia
  • Ruppa Thulasiram, University of Manitoba, Canada

Technical Program Committee Chairs

  • Hai Jiang, Arkansas State University, USA
  • Ashfaqur Rahman, CSIRO, Australia
  • Yu Wang, Deakin University, Australia

Workshop Chairs

  • Sheng Wen, Deakin University, Australia
  • Rajiv Ranjan, CSIRO, Australia

Local Arrangement Chair

  • Ansgar Fehnker, The University of The South Pacific, Fiji

Steering Committee

  • Hai Jin, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China Chair
  • Nabil Abdennadher, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland (HES-SO), Switzerland
  • Christophe Cerin, University of Paris XIII, France
  • Sajal K. Das, Missouri University of Science and Technology, USA
  • Jean-Luc Gaudiot, University of California – Irvine, USA
  • Kuan-Ching Li, Providence University, Taiwan
  • Cho-Li Wang, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
  • Chao-Tung Yang, Tunghai University, Taiwan
  • Laurence T. Yang, St Francis Xavier University, Canada

Technical Program Committee

  • Nabil Abdennadher, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland (HES-SO), Switzerland
  • Saadat M Alhashmi, Abu Dhabi University, UAE
  • Luciana Arantes, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris6, France
  • Shehzad Ashraf Ch., International Islamic University, Pakistan
  • Zeyar Aung, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, UAE
  • Fevzi Belli, University of Paderborn, Germany
  • Ioan Marius Bilasco, UniversitĂ© Lille 1, France
  • Christophe Cerin, University of Paris XIII, France
  • Rohitash Chandra, The University of The South Pacific, Fiji
  • Yuanfang Chen, Dalian University of Technology, China
  • Chi-Hung Chi, CSIRO, Australia
  • Xiaowen Chu, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong
  • Yeh-Ching Chung, National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan
  • RaphaĂ«l Couturier, University of Franche Comte, France
  • Noel Crespi, Institut Telecom, France
  • Talbi El-Ghazali, University of Lille, France
  • Kaori Fujinami, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Japan
  • Dan Grigoras, University College Cork, Ireland
  • Shamim Hossain, IBM, Australia
  • Hung-Chang Hsiao, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan
  • Ching-Hsien (Robert) Hsu, Chung Hua University, Taiwan
  • Kuo-Chan Huang, National Taichung University of Education, Taiwan
  • Sajid Hussain, Fisk University, USA
  • Md. Rafiqul Islam, American International University, Bangladesh
  • Xin Jin, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
  • Yong-Kee Jun, Gyeongsang National University, Korea
  • Daewon Lee, Seokyeong University, Korea
  • Minglu Li, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China
  • Xiaoyao Liang, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China
  • Chen Liu, Clarkson University, USA
  • Chi Liu, Beijing Institute of Technology, China
  • Damon Shing-Min Liu, National Chung Cheng University, Taiwan
  • Kai Ma, Qualcomm, USA
  • Victor Malyshkin, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
  • Tomas Margalef, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain
  • Tommi Mikkonen, Tampere University of Technology, Finland
  • Tatsuo Nakajima, Waseda University, Japan
  • Alfredo Navarra, University of Perugia, Italy
  • Seung-Jong Park, Louisiana State University, USA
  • Jun-Jie Peng, Shanghai University, China
  • Ron Perrott, Oxford University, UK
  • Dana Petcu, West University of Timisoara, Romania
  • Wasim Raad, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia
  • Kewei Sha, Oklahoma City University, USA
  • Greg Smith, CSIRO, Australia
  • Pradip Srimani, Clemson University, USA
  • Kazunori Takashio, Keio University, Japan
  • Osamu Tatebe, University of Tsukuba, Japan
  • Niwat Thepvilojanapong, Mie University, Japan
  • Chien-Min Wang, Academia Sinica, Taiwan
  • Paul Watters, Massey University, New Zealand
  • Yulei Wu, Chinese Academay of Sciences, China
  • Nong Xiao, National University of Defense Technology, China
  • Weijun Xiao, Virginia Commonwealth University, USA
  • Chen Yu, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China
  • Zhifeng Yun, University of Houston, USA
  • Yuezhi Zhou, Tsinghua University, China
  • Yanmin Zhu, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China


The University of Fiji
IEEE Systems Council

Call For Papers

Green computing in the context of cloud and pervasive computing is a newly-emerging research field in computer science and engineering. Pervasive computing and cloud computing are two promising paradigms in human’s daily life. With the exponential growth in the deployments of techniques in pervasive computing and cloud computing, both of them have to face the critical issues on energy consumption, for example, controlling the energy consumed by the large-scale cloud datacenters, and prolonging the battery life of mobile devices in pervasive computing and Internet of Things (IoT). Therefore, new architectures, systems and related techniques, such as mobile cloud computing (MCC), software-defined networking (SDN) and hybrid cloud services, are being developed to make the computing in cloud datacenters and in pervasive wireless devices more productive and energy efficient, for shaping a “Green” world in the future.

GPC 2015 is the next event in a series of highly successful events focusing on pervasive and environmentally sustainable computing. In the last nine years, the GPC conference has been successfully held and organised all over the world: Taichung, Taiwan (2006), Paris, France (2007), Kunming, China (2008), Geneva, Switzerland (2009), Hualien, Taiwan (2010), Oulu, Finland (2011), Hong Kong (2012), Seoul, Korea (2013), and Wuhan, China (2014).

We invite submissions from the academia, industry and government. GPC 2015 welcomes original and innovative research describing theoretical advances, system design, implementation and experimentation on a wide range of green computing, pervasive computing and cloud computing topics, including, but not limited to:

* Energy-efficient computing, communication and virtualisation architectures and protocols
* Monitoring, sensing, control and management of energy-aware systems
* Integration, scheduling and management of renewable energy sources
* Cloud, cluster and grid computing
* Mobile, peer-to-peer and pervasive computing
* Service-oriented computing
* Ubiquitous communications and networks
* Social network and services
* Sensor, ad hoc networks, mobile agents and networking
* Multimedia communications, machine to machine communications
* Multi-core systems, parallel and distributed systems
* Internet of things, and cyber physical systems
* Trade-offs between performance, energy and other resources in cloud datacenters and pervasive computing
* Energy-aware mobile cloud systems and large-scale applications
* Semantic web, semantic grid, metadata and ontology related to pervasive and distributed computing
* Programming models, tools and environments for distributed and pervasive computing
* Modeling and control of variability in demand and supply of green energy sources
* Economy and business models in cloud computing and pervasive computing
* Incentives and innovative pricing for the management of cloud resources
* Service Level Agreements (SLAs) guarantee for customers in cloud computing
* Data analytics for energy-efficient systems
* Innovative technologies for robustness and reliability of energy-aware systems
* Security and privacy in pervasive and cloud computing
* Grid and pervasive applications, including eScience and eBusiness applications

CFP PDF Version CFP TXT Version

Important Dates

Paper submission due 01 March 2015(final extension)
Notification of decisions 01 April 2015
Camera ready and registration due 15 April 2015
Conference/Workshop dates 4-6 May 2015

Paper Submission

Authors are invited to submit original research contributions by following the instructions below.

Step 1 Prepare your paper by using the journal format template as in the Author Instructions Page.
Step 2 Prepare the cover letter and explicitly state that the paper is submitted to the “Special Issue on Green Pervasive and Ubiquitous Systems” IMPORTANT!.
Step 3 Submit your paper with the cover letter through the Submission Page.
Step 4 Send a copy of your paper with the cover letter.

Note: all submissions to GPC 2015 shall go through the review system of IEEE Systems Journal. The review process will take place in the specified time frame. A number of top-ranked papers will be selected to publish in the special issue of IEEE Systems Journal, and other accepted papers will be published in the regular issue of the International Journal of Computational Science and Engineering, and the International Journal of Embedded Systems. Questions regarding the paper submission process may be directed to the GPC 2015 TPC Chairs.

  • Hai Jiang, Arkansas State University, USA,
  • Ruppa K. Thulasiram, University of Manitoba, Canada,
  • Yu Wang, Deakin University, Australia,


The GPC 2015 registration form can be downloaded through the following link. Please complete and return the GPC 2015 registration form to before the registration due date.

Conference Venue

GPC 2015 will take place at the Plantation Island Resort, Fiji. The resort is nestled on the 553 acre island of Malolo LaiLai, part of the Mamanuca Group of islands and is just 16km offshore west of Nadi International Airport. Get ready to enjoy a unique trip in this wonderful island.

GPC 2015 delegates will receive a 50% OFF discount for accommodation at the Plantation Island Resort. Please stay tuned for the discount code before you check the booking site through the following link.

Plantation Island Resort Accommodation Booking

Getting to Fiji (Nadi International Airport)

Fiji is accessible by the following major airlines:

FIJI AIRWAYS (Qantas & American Airlines Codeshare) fly direct to Nadi from Australia, New Zealand, Los Angeles, Hong Kong (with connections to UK/Europe on Cathay Pacific), Vancouver (via Honolulu) & Honolulu. VIRGIN AUSTRALIA fly direct to Nadi from Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne. AIR NEW ZEALAND (United Airlines Codeshare) fly direct to Nadi from Auckland. KOREAN AIR fly out of UK/Europe to Seoul then direct to Nadi.

Getting to Plantation Island

It takes 50 minutes to get to Plantation Island by boat or 10 minutes by air.

Malolo Cat

Malolo cat transfer operates between Denarau Marina and Plantation Island at the following time:
– Departs from Denarau Marina at 7.30am, 10.30am, 2pm or 5.30pm and arrives at Plantation Island in 50 minutes.
– Departs from Plantation Island at 5.45am, 8.45am, 12.15pm and 3.45pm and arrives at Denarau Marina in 65 minutes

Malolo cat transfer includes FREE coach transfers between Nadi Airport, Nadi Hotels & Denarau Marina (please note that the 5.45am* and 7.30am bus transfer only services Nadi Airport and the Raffles Gateway Hotel). *Transfer bus arrives at Nadi International Airport by 7:30am.

Other Options

Seaplane by Pacific Island Air Helicopters by Island Hoppers Seafiji Water Taxis

For more information, please check the following link:

Plantation Island Transfer Options

What to See & Do


Sigatoka river and cave safaris

It’s a jet-boat safari, yet it’s also a great cultural adventure. Take a 15-kilometre journey up the rich, green Sigatoka Valley to visit one of 15 Fijian villages to learn of local customs and legends on the Sigatoka River safari. There’s a kava ceremony at the village chief’s bure, followed by lunch and traditional singing and dancing. Costs from $140.80 adults, $69 children. The newest tour from the same gang is the Off-Road Cave safari, which visits Fiji’s largest cave system, Naihehe Cave, once the home of a cannibal tribe. Costs from $131 for adults, $60 for children. Both tours depart from Sigatoka, 70 kilometres south of Nadi on the Coral Coast and pick up from Nadi or Coral Coast resorts, twice daily, Monday to Saturday. Please visit for more information.


The Great Astrolabe Reef is the world’s fourth-largest barrier reef and curls around the sparsely populated southern island of Kadavu. Snorkellers can cruise the reef’s coral gardens and divers can swim with eagle and manta rays, turtles and wrasse and ogle the reef’s drop-offs. Stay at the simple thatch bures of Matava dive resort ( Astrolabe’s rival for the title of best diving, the Great Sea Reef, is known locally as Cakaulevu. Off the northern island of Vanua Levu, the reef was little explored before 2004 and is home to green turtles and spinner dolphins. The closest resort is Nukubati. Please visit  for more information.


Who knew that there are two types of fire-walking in Fiji, not the commonly known one? There’s the indigenous Fijian tradition of walking over hot stones and the Hindu purification ritual of walking on ashes and charcoal. Fijian fire-walking can be seen during cultural shows at many resorts across the country or at the Arts Village in Suva, and Suva’s Mariamma Temple holds a South Indian ritual, Trenial, featuring fire-walking, in July or August each year.

South sea pearls

At the top of your Fiji souvenir list should be South Sea pearls, which come in a rainbow of colours from soft creams to pearlescent greys. You’ll find earrings and necklaces at the big souvenir shops such as Tappoo ( or Jacks ( but also from the lady sellers at most resorts. There’s also a daily craft market in the centre of Nadi and Suva’s craft market runs every day except Sundays. If you’re in Savusavu, be sure to visit the black pearl farm J. Hunter Pearls for farm tours and shopping. Please visit for more information.

Tropical spas

The award-winning Bebe Spa Sanctuary at the Outrigger on the Lagoon is built high on a hilltop and looks over the main island’s Coral Coast. The spa treatments use Pevonia and Pure Fiji spa products and Bebe’s warm seashell massage is worth the journey south ($126/hour). The founder of Pure Fiji, Daniel Anania, lists among his favourite spas Spa Denarau at Denarau Marina, Harmony Spa at the Radisson Blu Hotel and the InterContinental Fiji Golf Resort and Spa as well as Bebe Spa.


Fiji has two main cuisines – indigenous Fijian and Fijian Indian. Fijian Indian is heavy on the rice, spice and chilli, and indigenous Fijian features plenty of seafood and is easy on the spice. Kokoda is the Fijian take on cerviche, a divine dish of local fish marinated in lemon juice and coconut milk. Time your visit to include lovo night in the hotels, where food is cooked in an underground oven. Otherwise, try Indigo, at Port Denarau, which serves Indian fusion as well as indigenous Fijian, or Sky Top, on the rooftop of Ohana restaurant (Queens Rd, Martintar). If you’re self-catering, get down to the morning produce markets, held in all the main towns, including Nadi, Suvasuva and Suva, or just stop along the roadside to buy freshly caught prawns, mud crabs or fish. Also, pineapple, papaya and mangoes are plentiful when in season.

World-class surfing

Most surfers head for the Mamanuca islands to hit the waves – the permanent six-metre wave Cloudbreak, off the coast of Tavarua, is a Fijian legend, and reigning world champion Kelly Slater describes nearby Restaurants as “one of the most perfect waves that I have ever surfed”. Taravua will host the Volcom Fiji Pro, featuring the top pro surfers, from June 3 to 15. Off the south coast of the main island, you’ll find little Beqa Island is home to the challenging left-handed reef break Frigates, and Sigatoka Beach’s Sand Dunes stand out on the Coral Coast.

South sea cruises

South Sea Cruises is Fiji’s most experienced cruise operator with an extensive range of award winning Day Cruises and Island Resort Transfers. All cruises offer great value and great fun. The friendly crew looks forward to welcoming you aboard.

Visa-exempt Countries

Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria, The Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Bermuda, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Cook Islands [NZ passport holder] Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Commonwealth Dominica, Estonia, The federal Republic of Germany, The federated States of Micronesia, Finland, France, The Gambia, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guyana, Holy See (Vatican), Hong Kong [SAR] Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Kiribati, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lesotho, Luxemburg, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Nauru, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Ireland, Republic of the Marshall Islands, Romania, Russia, Samoa, Serbia, Slovak Republic, St Kitts & Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent & The Grenadines, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad & Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Ukraine, United Kingdom of great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Nationals of the above visa-exempt countries are NOT required to obtain visa before entering Fiji as visitors. Visa will be issued on arrival in Fiji on the condition that the bearer holds:

– A passport that is valid for at least 6 months from intended date of arrival into Fiji;
– Return or Outbound tickets;
– Re-entry/entry visa to a country other than their own.

Nationals of the above visa-exempt countries are granted a visitor permit valid for up to four months on arrival. Extensions to the permit may be granted on application/payment of fees for a maximum of two more months, provided applications are made before the expiry of the initial permit.

Non Visa-exempt Countries

Nationals NOT from the visa exempted countries listed above MUST apply for a visitor’s visa before entering Fiji. Please visit the Fiji Department of Immigration Visa Section through the following link.

Fiji Department of Immigration Visa Section

We will e-mail an official invitation letter to registered authors upon request. If you need the invitation letter, please email us your request along with your affiliation, postal address and fax number. As soon as you receive the invitation letter, please visit the above link and apply for a visa.


1. Children/persons under the age of 18 who are travelling without their parents/legal guardian, please submit copies of the following documents, which have been certified by a Justice of the Peace: a Parental Consent Form duly completed by parents/legal guardian and a copy of the child’s Birth Certificate.

2. If travelling with your family it is advisable that you carry with you certified copies of your marriage certificate and birth certificate of children (below the age of 18) travelling with you.

Fiji Islands

A horseshoe shaped archipelago scattered over 1,290,000 sq. km across the South Pacific Ocean, Fijians inhabit just 100 of the more than 300 Fijian islands. Fiji is known across the globe for charming and friendly locals who welcome visitors to their shores. The sound of Bula, a greeting meaning hello, is almost always accompanied by a relaxed smile and a casual wave whether the greeter is a young child or a village elder. Fiji’s most treasured asset, and the one that lingers in most travellers minds long after their tan has faded, are genuinely friendly locals and smiling faces throughout the Fijian islands.

Straddling latitudes between 12 and 21 degrees South, Fiji basks in a tropical climate that rarely dips below daily maximums of 26 degrees (Celsius). A thriving tourism industry takes full advantage of Fiji’s stunning natural attractions, ensuring there is an endless choice of things to do in Fiji. Your Fiji holiday could be as energetic or as relaxing as you choose. Thrilling or therapeutic, it’s all here.

No matter whether your ideal Fiji activity is lazing on a tropical beach, paddling in gin-clear waters, tasting fresh tropical fruits and seafood or being massaged into oblivion, Fiji has a holiday style to suit. But there is much on offer too for those who care to cast their gaze beyond the coconut studded horizon. Perhaps you’re a little more adventurous and active or want to meet the locals and immerse yourself in the culture during your Fiji holiday? With Fiji’s balmy year round climate perfect for enjoying the great outdoors there’s plenty of activities for all sorts of visitors.

Fiji Regions

For a start, Fiji has some of the best international standard golf courses in the South Pacific. Denarau Island is popular with golf enthusiasts, both for championship fairways, but so too for some of Fiji’s finest international resorts, all of which are easily accessible from Nadi. A little further afield along shores of Viti Levu, the Coral Coast has been dazzling holidaymakers almost half a century since holidaymakers first discovered Fiji’s delightful treasures. Protected beaches inshore and surf breaks offshore attract families looking to have it all in one convenient location. Keep travelling east and the swanky waterfront Pacific Harbour offers resort style living amongst lushly landscaped gardens and fairways, all within easy reach of Fiji’s capital Suva. Suva itself is awash in colonial and South Pacific history, offering a fascinating insight into a Pacific Islands metropolis with plenty of colourful Melanesian character.

On the North Coast of Viti Levu travellers will find a Fiji untouched, far from any crowds. Where Bligh Water laps the shores of Fiji’s main island, locals get about life much as they’ve always done, welcoming adventurous travellers to immerse themselves in island life beneath the shadow of dramatic volcanic peaks

But for many travellers to Fiji, nothing less than sun kissed beaches dotted with palm trees will do. The Mamanuca Islands lay a short boat ride (or seaplane, for that matter) away from Nadi and offer something for everyone, including Fiji’s only overwater bures at Likuliku. So too the Yasawas, a string of islands to the north of the Mamanuca’s. Sailing, diving, snorkelling, beaches, walks, village visits, island resorts from budget through to uber luxe and everything in between can be found in this dreamy archipelago chain. Can’t make up your mind which island to visit? Why not island hop by boat or seaplane and try out a few of them!

Fiji’s second largest island Vanua Levu has been luring divers in particular to her southern shores ever since Jacques Cousteau documented the underwater world for all to see. For good reason, the Somosomo Strait is world-renown as one of the best. Across the Somosomo Strait the garden island of Taveuni attracts travellers who revel in the natural beauty of a lushly forested island. Waterfalls, national park forests and accommodation in keeping with a natural paradise add to the attraction. Another region perfect for nature lovers is Kadavu Island to the south of Viti Levu. Somewhat far-flung, her remoteness is actually one of the main attractions. Birdlife and a glorious South Pacific lagoon are one of the main attractions, but so too is the opportunity for hikers to stretch their legs on extended elevated trails on a continental island.

Yes, Fiji truly does have a holiday experience to suit most every traveller. Visit each of our regions to find the one that fulfils your holiday dreams.

Time Zone

Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +12 hours


Fiji does have a wet season. The wet season is normally from November to April and results from the southerly movements of the South Pacific Convergence Zone. The wet season is characterised by heavy, brief local showers and contributes most of Fiji’s annual rainfall. Annual rainfall on the main islands is between 2000mm and 3000mm on the coast and low lying areas, and up to 6000mm in the mountains.


The Fijian Dollar is the currency of Fiji.
Coins: 5cent, 10cent, 20cent, 50cent, F$1, F$2.
Banknotes: F$5, F$10, F$20, F$50, F$100.


European type 2 pin sockets with 220 volts AC at 50 cycles are used. The phase 380 volt current is normally available in meeting and exhibition rooms. To use American-type plugs, a 220-volt transformer should be used together with an adapter plug.

Useful Phone Numbers

Country Code: +679
National Emergency Number: 911
Police Emergency Service: 917


The official language in Fiji is UK English.

Useful expressions in Fijian

Hello – BulaGood Morning – Andra Vinaka
Let’s eat – Kana
Excuse me – Chillow
I want to swim – Au via sisili
I’m very, very happy – Au maru vakalevu
Thank you very much – Vinaka Vakelevu
See you again – Ni Sa Moce (pronounced “mothe”)
Goodbye- Moce (pronounced “mothe”)